Johann Goethe was born at noon. Exactly. We know this because the town clock was striking its bell. Goethe had to be slapped repeatedly before he started breathing. This is common, but it is frightening to those assisting in the birth process. The consequence of this timing results in Goethe having his Sun placed at the MC of his astrological chart. This fits so well with his life and his fairy tale.
Other factors in his chart also fit nicely with Goethe and his work. Note Saturn on the Ascendant; a conservative demeanor, deliberate in manner and in speech. Or, Moon at the IC angle, opposite the Sun — a full moon birth; one who would deal with fundamental relationships and be sensitive to the ebb and flow of life.
Goethe was known for his aloofness, his slow warming up to his younger friend and collaborator, Schiller.
My goal here is not to provide an astrological analysis of Goethe, but to plant the seed in your mind that Goethe created, in his fairy tale, the role of the Old Man with the Lamp as a projection of himself. He is the shining lamp held on high, just like his natal Sun being high in his birth chart. The Old Man with the Lamp knows the rules (Saturn) of the physical world and the spiritual world. He is a spirit in physical form.